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Belgrade, Serbia and Montenegro

I have some new photos of Belgrade-Serbia and Montenegro. All the pics are in my gallery in case you wish to see them in bigger resolution. Enjoy!
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Serbia and Montenegro-Belgrade
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WHY GO - Lively, mysterious, affordable, and decidedly un-Western and with a fascinating history forged through the war and woe of Balkan geopolitics, the Serbian capital can feel worlds away. This city of two million blossoms in spring, when evenings bring entire families out into the Mediterranean sun at the many terrace cafés, while the fast-paced nightlife spreads outdoors as well, to boats moored on the river. Given all of this, it is hard to believe that Belgrade was a NATO bombing target as recently as 1999. Before Yugoslavia’s meltdown in the 1990s, Belgrade was the capital of the most advanced country in the old East Bloc. That is why, compared to other Eastern European countries, more Serbs speak English, the importance of good service is widely appreciated and a positive can-do attitude generally pervades.
With a thriving cafe and restaurant culture, famous nightlife and a passion for arts and literature, the capital city of Belgrade offers affordable metropolitan living at the crossroads of Central and Eastern Europe

WHERE TO STAY - There are many hotels to stay at in Belgrade. There are many cheap hotels but Belgrade also provides a variety of luxurious hotels. These are only some.

5 star hotels

Name: Hyatt Hotel Belgrade
Address: Milentija Popovica 5
11070 Belgrade
Phone number: + 381 (0)11 / 3111-330; 2204-204
Belgrade, Serbia and Montenegro

Name: Intercontinental Belgrade
Address: Vladimira Popovica 10
11070 Belgrade
Phone number: + 381 (0)11 / 301 1234
Belgrade, Serbia & Montenegro

Name: Aleksandar Palas Hotel
Address: Kralja Petra 13-15
11000 Belgrade
Phone number: + 381 (0)11 / 3305 300; 3305 326
Belgrade, Serbia and Montenegro

Name: Hotel Slavija LUX
Address: Svetog Save 2
11000 Belgrade
Phone number: + 381 (0)11 / 2450 842; 244 11 20
Belgrade, Serbia & Montenegro

4 star hotels

Name: Best Western Hotel Sumadija
Address: Sumadijski trg 8,11030
Banovo Brdo Belgrade
Phone number: + 381 (0)11 / 35 54 255; 552 689
Belgrade, Serbia & Montenegro

Name: Hotel Yugoslavia
Address: Bulevar Nikole Tesle 3
11070 Belgrade
Phone number: + 381 (0)11 / 2600 222; 2609 444
Belgrade, Serbia and Montenegro

Name: Hotel Metropol
Address: Bulevar kralja Aleksandra 69
11000 Belgrade
Phone number: + 381 (0)11 / 3230 910; 3230 919
Belgrade, Serbia and Montenegro

Name: Hotel Majestic
Address: Obilicev venac 28
11000 Belgrade
Phone number: + 381 (0)11 / 3285-777
Belgrade, Serbia & Montenegro

3 star hotels

Name: Hotel Union
Address: Kosovska 11
11000 Belgrade
Phone number: + 381 (0)11 / 3248 022; 3248 056
Belgrade, Serbia and Montenegro

Name: Hotel Rex
Address: Sarajevska 37
11000 Belgrade
Phone number: + 381 (0)11 / 36 11 862; 36 13 949
Belgrade, Serbia and Montenegro

Name: Hotel Royal
Address: Kralja Petra 56
11000 Belgrade
Phone number: + 381 (0)11 / 2634 222
Belgrade, Serbia and Montenegro

Hotel Kasina
Terazije 25
11000 Belgrade
+ 381 (0)11 / 3235 574
Serbia & Montenegro

More Belgrade hotels and information at www.hotels.co.yu

WHERE TO EAT - Strangely enough some of the old boy restaurants are your best bet when eating out in Belgrade. They are cheap (Sarah), plentiful and have basically what you need. Moving further upmarket you find the cafes around the National Gallery, which are fancy and cater to Western taste. Try the cakes and the fruit salads. If you are more into western food type you will feel comfortable at restaurants such as McDonald's and Pizza Hut.
There are many cafe districts and the most famous one is Strahinjica Bana Street.
Skadarlija is the place to head for when dawn falls. The cobblestone street is filled with restaurants featuring live music and couple of interesting nightspots. The famous restaurants are "Šesir moj" and "Tri šešira"
Bars are plentiful and affordable. Bottled beer, considered a genteel drink, can cost much more than beer from the tap. In the daytime, the Plato Café terrace (Address: Akademski Plato 1, Phone: 635 010) fills with a bright young crowd, and there’s an equally lively atmosphere at the sophisticated Manhattan (Address: Palmotiçeva 27) and the Idiot (Address: Dalmatinska 13). Also try the best pastries in the world at so many Belgrade bakeries. One of the favourite meals is Burek.

NIGHTLIFE - Techno exploded in Belgrade in the 1990s, and good dance clubs are the rule rather than the exception. Belgrade’s always-pumping nightlife ratchets up a notch in the summer, when dozens of party boats dock along the Sava in Novi Belgrade (New Belgrade). The scene is in constant flux, and there are many one-off events at special venues, so it’s a good idea to ask around. Follow the crowd and you shouldn’t go wrong. There are several excellent year-round clubs underneath the Kalimegdan Fortress, including Underground (Address: Pariska 1A, Phone: 328 2526). For more intimacy, Libido (Address: Skardarska 40C, Phone: 334 1600) is a small but buzzing venue.

WHAT TO SEE
There are spots in Belgrade you must definitely see and feel. Streets, squares, monuments, parks, drinking fountains, archaeological sites... and other sights that deserve recommendation. Many of them have been given the status of cultural assets.
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Knez Mihailova Street: A pedestrian zone and shopping centre protected by law as one of the oldest and most valuable monumental complexes of the city, with a large number of representative buildings and urban houses built at the end of 1870s.
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Kralja Petra I street: One of the oldest Belgrade streets. It is thought that in the I and II century A.D. in this area were Roman forum, basilica and thermae (next to the present building of National Bank of Serbia, Kralja Petra I 12). In this street, in the XIX century, was the first official Belgrade pharmacy (instead of today's building at No. 8) and the first city hotel - "Kod Jelena" (between Gračanička and Čubrina streets, pulled down in 1938). Today, the Patriarchate of the Serbian Orthodox Church, the Cathedral Church, as well as the oldest Belgrade restaurant - the "?" cafe - are situated in this street.
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Trg Nikole Pašića: Situated between Terazije, Bulevar Kralja Aleksandra and Moše Pijade Street, it is the youngest Belgrade Square. It was built in 1953, when a fountain was placed. The urban and architectural development of the square started after World War II, when old buildings were demolished, the tram terminus was moved, new fountain was built, the railings in front of the former palace gardens and the Yugoslav Assembly were removed and several new buildings erected including the Trade Union Hall, buildings of the City Assembly and Investment Bank. This square used to bear the name "Marx and Engels Square" for a long time.
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Trg Republike: It covers the space between the "Gradska Kafana" (City Restaurant), "Jadran" cinema, National Theatre and Army Hall of Serbia and Montenegro.
The present square was formed after the demolition of the Stambol Gate in 1866 and the construction of the National Theatre in 1869. The Gate had been built by the Austrians at the beginning of the XVIII century, and stood in the area between the present monument to Prince Mihailo and the National Theatre building. It was the largest and most beautiful town gate at the time when Belgrade was encircled by the moat. It was named after the road, which led through it - to Constantinople (Istanbul). The people remembered the Stambol Gate as the place in front of which the Turks executed the "raya", their non-Muslim subjects, by impaling them on stakes. It was also the place where during the attack on Belgrade in 1806 in the First Serbian Insurrection, one of the leading Serb military commanders, Vasa Čarapić, was fatally wounded. In memory of this sad event, a street near the square and a monument in the vicinity were named after him.

THE MUST SEE
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KONAK KNEZA MILOŠA in Topčider: After having built the residence for his wife and children in the town of Belgrade, Knez Miloš Obrenović raised this lodging for himself in Topčider, in 1831-1834. The rich interior decoration of ceilings, walls and niches, is partially preserved until today. During the time of his first rule, Miloš has stayed here from time to time only, while during his second rule he spent all of his time here (two years) and eventually died here on September 14, 1860. For some time there were the Museums of Knez Miloš and Mihailo Obrenović, and later the Museum of Forestry and Hunting, established in 1929. At the celebration of the 150th anniversary of the First Serbian Insurrection (1954), the Museum of the First Serbian Insurrection was opened in the Konak, and it was thematically dedicated to the whole period of Serbian liberation wars against the Turks (from 1804 until the second hatišerif (charter) of 1839). The Museum's exhibits represented the starting point for making of the Historical Museum of Serbia in 1963. In front of this building grows one of the oldest and most beautiful plane trees in Europe, protected by law as a natural rarity (it is more than 160 years old).
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KONAK KNEGINJE LJUBICE at Kneza Sime Markovića 8: It was built in 1829-1831 under the supervision of Hadži-Nikola Živković, the pioneer of Serbian architecture in the first half of XIX century. By the order of Knez Miloš Obrenović it was built as a living place for his family, Kneginja (Princess) Ljubica and sons - Milan and Mihailo. The building is preserved until today as a most representative urban house of the first half of XIX century. Its design has all the characteristics of Oriental architecture, and its variant, so-called Serbian-Balkan style, but containing decorative elements of classicism, which announced the influence of the West on the national architecture in the early period of renewal of Serbian state. Today it is a part of the Museum of the City of Belgrade and it is used for exhibitions of museum material and paintings. The permanent exhibition in the Konak consists of original furniture, made in Oriental-Balkan style as well as in other styles of that time (classicism, Biedermeier, neo-baroque).
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NATIONAL MUSEUM at Trg Republike 1a: The original corpus against the Trg republike, was built in 1902 according to the design of Andra Stevanović and Nikola Nestorović. The part facing Laza Paču Street was built in 1930, when the counter-hall (today the atrium of the National Museum) was arranged. In World War II the building was heavily damaged, and after the war it was rebuilt without the dome it has today. In the sixties, thanks to the efforts of then the manager of the National Museum, Dr. Lazar Trifunović, the central dome was back in place, and the interior arranged, so that today it fully serves its purpose.
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NATIONAL THEATRE at Trg Republike 2: Built in 1869 according to the design of Aleksandar Bugarski, the most productive architect of Belgrade in the XIX century. The decision to construct a special building for the theatre was made by Knez Mihailo Obrenović. The building was a typical theatre building of the time and was particularly reminiscent of La Scala, Milan, with regard to its Renaissance conception and the decorative finish. Later reconstructions completely changed the original appearance. The heavy reconstruction was made in 1986 when the theatre regained the 1922 look and an annex was built towards Braće Jugovića Street. Beside theatrical purposes, the hall has been used for charity balls and concerts during the XIX century. The Great Constitutional Assembly adopted the famous 1888 Constitution in this building. Operas, plays and ballets are held at the theatre. Please check play times before purchasing a ticket. Dress code: Formal required.
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PALACE OF THE ASSEMBLY OF SERBIA AND MONTENEGRO at Trg Nikole Pašića 13: Konstantin A. Jovanović made the first design for the House of the National Representation in 1891. At the open competition of 1901 for the building on the area near the Batal mosque, the winning work was that of Jovan Ilkić, which is, in fact, a variant of Jovanović's solution. The construction of the palace began in 1907, and King Petar I laid the cornerstone. During World War I, Ilkić has died in the concentration camp in Nežider, while the plans have been lost. In accordance with the completed parts of the building, Ilkić’s son Pavle has made the new plans, while Nikolaj Krasnov has helped in completion of the building, especially the interior. The construction was not finished until 1936. It was designed in the manner of academic traditionalism, with rich interior (architectural and artistic) decoration, made by, at that time, most famous artists and craftsmen. In 1939, a monumental sculptural group made by the famous sculptor Toma Rosandić was placed in front of the main entrance. It was named "Igrali se konji vrani" (Black horses are playing). Tours inside the buildings are available.
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KALEMEGDAN FORTRESS: High above the Sava and Danube confluence, on the rocky ridge which opens the view of Novi Beograd, Zemun and wide plains of Pannonia, there is the Belgrade Fortress with Kalemegdan, the former historical and urban centre of Belgrade. This spatial complex consists of: The Fortress, divided into Upper Town and Lower Town, and the Kalemegdan park, the most popular promenade for Belgrade citizens. The Knez Mihailova and Uzun Mirkova streets lead to the Belgrade Fortress. At that direction are the main Fortress gates - Stambol Gate (inner and outer) and Sahat Gate. The entrance to the mediaeval fortress was on the eastern side (near today's Zoo), through Zindan Gate and Despot's Gate of Upper Town. The access to Lower Town is from Bulevar Vojvode Bojovića (Vidin Gate) and from Karađorđeva Street (Dark Gate). The statue to the victor erected to the freedom of Belgrade is located on the Kalimegdan Fortress.
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THE OLD PALACE: The Old Palace, the Royal Palace of the Obrenović dynasty of Serbia, presently housing the City Assembly of Belgrade, is situated at the corner of Kralja Milana and Dragoslava Jovanovića streets. It was built between 1882 and 1884, according to the design of Aleksandar Bugarski, in the style of academism of the XIX century, with intention to surpass all existing residences of the Serbian rulers. A number of important events from the time of the political power of the Obrenović dynasty are linked to the Old Palace: the Palace was built when Serbia was proclaimed a Kingdom; in that same building, King Milan abdicated in favour of his son, Aleksandar, on February 22, 1889. Between 1903 and 1914, the Old Palace was the residence of the Karadjordjević dynasty. In 1919 and 1920, meetings of the Provisional National Assembly took place there. Royal festivities and receptions of high foreign guests took place there until 1941. The Palace was damaged twice: during World War I and during the bombing of Belgrade, on April 6, 1941. After World War I the Palace was repaired, while the first important restoration was done around 1930. The repair and re-arrangement of the Old Palace after World War II lasted until 1947. During that period, the architecture of the building was significantly changed. The two domes facing the garden were removed, while the facade facing the present Bulevar kralja Aleksandra was completely changed. Since that time, the building housed the Presidium of the National Assembly, then the Federal Government, and, since 1961, the City Assembly of Belgrade. Tours within the palace are available to visitors.
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ST. SAVA’S TEMPLE at The Vracar plateau: This is the largest Orthodox Church in the world located only minutes from the city. It has been under construction for over 50 years but received a nearly completed look since last year. A beautiful park always full of people surrounds it. It is a breathtaking site that includes the statue to Krađorđe (Black George) and the statue to St. Sava. Next to the St. Sava church there is also a much smaller orthodox church and the National Library.
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TAŠMAJDAN PARK: Between Takovska, Georgi Dimitrova, Beogradska streets and Bulevar Kralja Aleksandra, there used to be a large stone-pit. That is how this park has got his name Tašmajdan (in Turkish: taš - stone, majdan - pit). At Tašmajdan and around it, there are today the St. Mark's Church (the new one, built in 1931-1936), the Russian Church (1924), the Main Post Office (1934), the Sport Center "Tašmajdan", the "Taš" and "Metropol" hotels, the "Madera" restaurant, Radio-Television of Serbia, children's amusement and park.
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PIONIRSKI PARK: One of the most beautiful parks in Belgrade. Located between the Bulevar kralja Aleksandra, Kralja Milana, Kneza Miloša and Dragoslava Jovanovića streets. Until 1944 it has been surrounded with a high wall and served as a garden of the Old Palace (now the City Assembly of Belgrade). After removal of the wall, the park was put into public use and named Pionirski park, after the organization of the youngest (pioneers). In honour of the great writer of Yugoslav literature and Nobel laureate Ivo Andrić, a promenade named Andrićev Venac was built between the park and Kralja Milana Street, and a monument was raised up.
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USĆE TOWER: This new Belgrade tower situated across the Kalimegdan fortress is currently the tallest building in the Balkans. It will be interesting for tourists to visit this boxy like all glass tower as you can go up to the last level of this building and enjoy the view at the observation deck, have a drink at the luxury café or get into shape at the world class equipped gym.
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ZOO: Situated at the very center of the city, the Belgrade Zoo, or the Good Hope Garden, stands on one of the most attractive city locations - the Kalemegdan Park. It was founded in 1936 and it is one of the oldest homes of animal kingdom in Europe. It covers an area of 6 ha, and has 2,000 animals of 200 species, and beside wild animals it abounds in domestic animals too. Its present beautiful look is contributed by many built facilities, infrastructure, new drinking-fountains and fountains, Wooden Sculpture Gallery, the work of the sculptor Vuk Bojović, nursery for young animals - Baby Zoo... For its 60th anniversary it was enriched with a monument dedicated to its once most interesting and most famous resident - Sammy the chimpanzee, the first of its kind ever in this Zoo. Not a week passes in this zoo without the media present, to record birth of a cub, various promotions... So this zoo became present almost daily in the life of Belgrade, enriching it with spirit of its gentle atmosphere, not without reason named the Good Hope Garden.
Working hours for visitors:
8:00 AM - 5:00 PM (in winter period)
8:00 AM - 8:30 PM (in summer period
Phone: 624-526
Web-site: http://www.beozoovrt.co.yu

Jat Airways
AIR: Serbia’s National Airline Company “Jat Airways” operates over 45 destinations most of which are European. Cities which Jat flies to: Amsterdam, Brussels, Athens, Basel, Berlin, Banja Luka, Bergamo, Cairo, Damascus, Dubai, Copenhagen, Dusseldorf, Frankfurt, Gothenburg, Hurgada, Istanbul, Izmir, Larnaca, Ljubljana, London, Milan, Moscow, Munich, Malta, Paris, Prague, Rome, Sarajevo, Skopje, Stockholm, Stuttgart, Tel Aviv, Tirana, Tunis, Tripoli, St. Petersburg, Sharm El Sheikh, Vienna, Izmir, Kuwait City, Beirut, Oslo, Ohrid, New York (commences May 25th 2006), Toronto (commences May 26th).
Domestic Destinations: Belgrade, Podgorica, Tivat, Niš.
Airlines flying to Belgrade: Alitalia, Aeroflot, Aerosvit, Air France, Austrian Airlines, Aviogenex, British Airways, Czech Airlines, Jat Airways, Lufthansa, Montavia, Montenegro Airlines, Olympic Airlines, SWISS International Airlines, Tunis Air, SkyService, Turkish Airlines (commences services January 1st 2006), TAROM Romanian Airlines (commences services 2006).

LASTA Bus Company
BUS:Many Bus companies drive to Belgrade however the biggest company is Serbian “Lasta”. Lasta can virtually take you anywhere. It has been complimented for its services, comfort and security. It is the biggest bus company in South Eastern Europe. They have many destinations. For information visit http://www.lasta.co.yu

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FERRY: Trafalgar Tours London have twice weakly cruises to Belgrade from London and cities along the Danube.

General info

Visas: The citizens from the following countries do not need visas to enter Serbia & Montenegro - : the Federal Republic of Germany, France, Italy, the Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg, Great Britain, Ireland, Spain, Portugal, Greece, Denmark, Sweden, Finland, Austria, Switzerland, Norway, Iceland, Monaco, Liechtenstein, Vatican, Andorra, San Marino, Israel, Cyprus, Malta, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Poland, Slovenia, Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, Croatia, the United States of America, Canada, Singapore, the Republic of Korea, Australia and New Zealand.

Dress Code: Tourists and locals get dressed as they like in Belgrade. However people must dress formally when entering a church and when going to The National Theatre.

Working Hours: The working hours for citizens are mostly from 8AM to 4.30PM however shops work long into the evening hours.

Money – Credit Cards: The currency of Serbia & Montenegro is the New Serbian Dinar. 1 EUR buys you 81.90 dinars and 1 USD buys you 65.25 dinars. Credit cards are excepted and there are a lot of ATM machines around the city.

Climate: Belgrade has a moderate continental climate, with four seasons. Autumn is longer than spring, with longer sunny and warm periods - the so-called Indian summer. Winter is not so severe, with an average of 21 days with temperature below zero. January is the coldest month, with average temperature of 0.40C. Spring is short and rainy. Summer arrives abruptly.

National Holidays:
1st January – New Years Day
6th January – Orthodox Christmas Eve | 7th January – Orthodox Christmas
8th January – Second day of Orthodox Christmas
15th Febuary – Serbia National Day
27th April – Constitution Day
21st April (2006) – Orthodox Good Friday
23rd April (2006) – Orthodox Easter | 24th April (2006) – Easter Monday
1st May – May day
13th July – Montenegro National Day

Population: According to 2002 census, there were 1.576.124 citizens in the larger-city area, and 1.273.651 citizens in the inner-city area. The municipality with the greatest number of inhabitants - 217.773 of them - is Novi Beograd, while Sopot has the smallest number of inhabitants - 20.390.

Time zone: Belgrade is in the Central European Time (CET) zone (GMT+1 hour). Summer time counting lasts from end of March until end of October (GMT+2 hour).

Belgrade area code: Belgrade area code for domestic calls is 011, and for international calls it is ++381-11

Taxi and rent a car: There are over 30 Taxi companies so you shouldn’t have a problem catching a TAXI. There are all the major international rent a car companies including two Serbian companies.

Useful links: Belgrade hotels: http://www.hotels.co.yu
Belgrade airport: http://www.aerodrom-beograd.co.yu
Jat Airways: http://www.jat.com | Jat Airways UK: http://www.jatlondon.com
National Tourist Organization of Serbia: http://www.serbia-tourism.org
Belgrade City: http://www.beograd.org.yu
National Theatre of Belgrade: http://www.narodnopozoriste.co.yu

PICTURES:
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Posted by Cezar 21:37 Archived in Serbia Tagged round_the_world Comments (2)

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